Will US Attempt to Introduce New Moon Mining Rules Trigger New Space Race?

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The US asked nations to join the treaty to learn more about the Moon with a frame and declared the Artemis Accord on 15 May . The US claimed that the new agreement will guarantee space activities will be conducted for peaceful purposes with transparency as a principle.

The administration of US President Donald Trump has produced new rules through an order to how private businesses may profit from operations to planets, asteroids and the Moon following a 2015 law modification.

On the other hand, the new rules are in sharp contrast with the 1979 Moon Agreement, which the US has followed but not formally joined.



The Artemis Accord suggests”security zones” for future lunar bases to prevent damage or interference from other rival nations or businesses working in close areas. While the prior treaty bars the Moon and celestial bodies from being subject to federal appropriation, it’s been explained that the security zones aren’t”some territorial claim”.

Countries joining NASA’s exploration of the Moon is going to probably be asked to register to a set of guiding principles below the Artemis Accord. May announced on 15, the accord is a set of broad themes that the agency hopes will form the basis of agreements to be negotiated with each country involved in the effort to land the upcoming humans on the Moon.

On the other hand, the accord is very likely to become contentious as it seems to allow the utilization of lunar resources for commercial gain, although it also seeks to establish”security zones” around landing sites, which might be translated as de facto ownership of areas of the Moon, which is forbidden by the Outer Space Treaty.

Moon Missions at Future

The new NASA programme comes as many significant powers, including India, Russia and China, are working in their own Moon missions.

In 2019, the Indian Space and Research Organisation (ISRO) launched the Chandrayaan two mission, which directed to property around the south pole of the Moon, in which no additional landing craft had ever reached before, to perform a search for minerals and water and as well as measurements of moonquakes.

ISRO chief K Sivan at January 2020 declared the Chandrayaan-3 mission together with Gaganyaan – India mission to moon – as a part of its exploration of space and the Moon.


China’s Chang’e 5 Moon mission, scheduled to launch represents the stage of China’s Chang’lunar exploration program that is e samples from the Moon.

Russia will probably be returning after an absence of 45 decades, a period when, as the Soviet Union, it was the world’s leader in the area to the Moon , successfully executing three-dimensional lunar sample return missions.

Vladimir Kolmykov, head of the Lavochkin Scientific and Production Association, the segment of the Russian space agency Roscosmos, on April 10 told President Vladimir Putin, according to a transcription of this telephone posted by the Kremlin:”The Luna-25 spacecraft is presently at the meeting and first trial phases. Yes, there are some collaboration problems but we are working on these. I hope that the 2021 goal of launch Luna-25 is going to be gained.”

US to Trigger New Race to Moon’s Resources?

Speaking about the US legislation, Mayank Vahia, scientist at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, states it will propell the race to the moon funds.

“The consequences will be severe. All nations including India maintain and will try parts of the moon . Similar situation had arisen with regard to Antarctica in which an global treaty was eventually formed before any harm is done”.
Whether India will be joining the Artemis Accord or not, Vahia states:”I think that the nations will wait until we know who will replace Trump newest by 2024 but will begin technology development. That is the case of Space Force also”.

Speaking about the US spcae policy of recent decades, Indian space specialist Ajey Lele states pints outside the”US is trying to dominate the global space coverages from a really narrow nationalistic perspective,” adding that”outer planets and space should be viewed as Common Heritage into Mankind (CHM)”.

Source: Xinhua News Agency

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